The artist Clive Head was also born in Kent. Learn more about London. Kent's original paper mills stood on streams like the River Darent, tributaries of the River Medway, and on the River Stour. Man in the British Isles – A Brief History, Society, Religion and Politics in the Nineteenth Century, Population Growth & Distribution Since 1801, Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century County Durham, The Industrial Revolution: Industries, Towns, and Personalities, The Diocese of Winchester Before the Reformation, An Agricultural County in an Industrial Age, Yorkshire Transport: Navigations & Canals, Yorkshire after the Industrial Revolution. With the Roman invasion, a road network was constructed to connect London to the Channel ports of Dover, Lympne and Richborough. When the Anglo-Saxon invaders began widely to settle in Britain in the Fifth to Seventh Centuries they generally displayed that same tendency towards domestic exclusiveness, privacy, and independence which has remained a national characteristic ever since, and which is now exemplified in the saying that an Englishman`s home is his castle. Manston Airport, located near the village of Manston in the Thanet district, was a former RAF facility that also handled some civilian flights. In the early 19th century, smugglers were very active on the Kent coastline. Distinctive hop-drying buildings called oasts are common in the countryside, although many have been converted into dwellings. Canterbury's religious role gave rise to Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, a key development in the English language. Under the nominal rule of William's half-brother Odo of Bayeux, the county was granted similar powers to those granted in the areas bordering Wales and Scotland. Kent County Council's headquarters are in Maidstone,[38] while Medway's offices are at Gun Wharf, Chatham. Kent is represented in cricket by Kent County Cricket Club. The old word for forest has come down to us in forms such as weald, wald, and wold, as in the Cotswolds; and thus Waltham means “the home in the forest,” and Walden “the valley in the forest.” The Anglo-Saxon treo, a “tree,” occurs in place-names such as Manningtree, and Oswestry (Oswald`s Tree). This naming followed the invasion of Britain by William of Normandy as he was unable to subdue the county and they negotiated favourable terms. [58] This and the London and Greenwich Railway later merged into South Eastern Railway (SER). Of residents aged 16–74, 16% had a higher education qualification or the equivalent, compared to 20% nationwide.[36]. County-wide papers include the Kent Messenger, Kent on Saturday, Kent on Sunday, and the Kent and Sussex Courier. The county also shares borders with Essex along the estuary of the River Thames (connected by land via High Speed 1 and the Dartford Crossing), and with the French department of Pas-de-Calais through the Channel Tunnel. Many of the old strongholds, and many of the new, were called by the name burh or burg, which has come down to us in forms such as borough, burgh and bury, for example Boroughbridge, Edinburgh, Salisbury and Bury St. Edmunds. Summary: Rebecca Sawyer is 47 years old and was born on 12/25/1973. Hythe, Folkestone and Dover; the A21 around Sevenoaks, Tonbridge, Tunbridge Wells and on to Hastings in East Sussex. Others contend that the men of west Kent are Men of Kent while those of East Kent are only Kentish Men. Seismic activity has occasionally been recorded in Kent, though the epicentres were offshore. Their industry of employment was 17.3% retail, 12.4% manufacturing, 11.8% real estate, 10.3% health and social work, 8.9% construction, 8.2% transport and communications, 7.9% education, 6.0% public administration and defence, 5.6% finance, 4.8% other community and personal service activities, 4.1% hotels and restaurants, 1.6% agriculture, 0.8% energy and water supply, 0.2% mining, and 0.1% private households. The city of Canterbury was the largest in Kent. Anglo-Saxon Place Names. Farm Names: 600+ Best, Catchy and Funny Farm Names January 8, 2021 September 16, 2020 by Editor The naming of the farm is an important part of establishing a new farm. [5] The divide has been explained by some as originating in the Anglo-Saxon migrations, with Jutes mainly settling east of the Medway and Saxons settling west of it. Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties. [33][34] The river is tidal as far as Allington lock, but in earlier times, cargo-carrying vessels reached as far upstream as Tonbridge. The word sal or sale, as in Monsal or Sale means a nobleman`s house. Kent is the main area for hazelnut production in the UK. The old word mere, “marsh,” as in Ellesmere (Ella`s Mere) often occurs; and the many inhabited islands in the fens, rivers, or sea, retain the Anglo-Saxon word ig, meaning isle, in such forms as ey, ea, ay, or e, as in the cases of Selsey, Swansea, Rothsay, and Eton. Originally the East Kent Railway in 1858, it linked the northeast Kent coast with London terminals at Victoria and Blackfriars. It was due rather to this exclusiveness, and to a strong sense of possession, a desire to call a piece of land his own and to regard it as his home, shared by nobody but his own family and his depandents. The A2 runs through Dartford (A207), Gravesend, Rochester, Canterbury, and Dover; the A20 through Eltham, Wrotham, Maidstone, Charing, Ashford. In the run-up to Britain leaving the European Union, Government Minister Michael Gove MP for Surrey Heath confirmed that his government intends to impose a de facto border[47] between Kent and the rest of England for freight lorries, in order to deal with expected lorry queues of 7,000 or more[48] at Folksetone, Dover and other ports. ", "Quake causes Kent Families to flee Homes", "Kent hit by 4.2 earthquake, shaking houses and waking residents", "Massive oil reserves lie under commuter belt in South, says report", "Kent (Borough of Gillingham and City of Rochester upon Medway) (Structural Change) Order 1996", "Democratically elected representatives in Medway", "Rosie Duffield wins Canterbury for Labour for first time", https://www.kentonline.co.uk/kent/news/border-to-be-set-up-inside-kent-could-see-7-000-lorry-queues-234290/, "Brexit: Lorry drivers will need a permit to enter Kent after transition period", "Marlowe theatre: curtain rises on Canterbury's £25.6m revamp", "History of the South Eastern & Chatham Railway", "Call for end to selective education as 'grammar school areas' fail", We ended up with a lake – Kent CEO Jamie Clifford, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kent&oldid=1002147843, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with disputed statements from April 2017, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2015, Articles needing additional references from February 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles prone to spam from February 2013, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. But it's not about naturism, it's about shagging. London, city, capital of the United Kingdom. Whitstable Bay Radio (Whitstable): online only. Easterleake in Nottinghamshire, preserves the name of Eostre, the goddess of Spring, whose festival has given its name to our Easter; and there is a place called Good Easter in Essex. France can be seen clearly in fine weather from Folkestone and the White Cliffs of Dover. There are nine Anglo-Saxon churches in Kent. The father of novelist Charles Dickens worked at the Chatham Dockyard; in many of his books, the celebrated novelist featured the scenery of Chatham, Rochester, and the Cliffe marshes. Awarded a community licence by Ofcom in late 2019 and due to launch in the next few years. Located between London and the Strait of Dover, which separates England from mainland Europe, Kent has been the setting for both conflict and diplomacy, including the Battle of Britain in World War II and the Leeds Castle peace talks of 1978 and 2004. [6], Julius Caesar described the area as Cantium, or the home of the Cantiaci, in 51 BC. Maidstone Community Radio (MCR): online only. The goddess Frig or Freya has left her name in Frathorpe in Yorkshire and Freasley in Warwickshire. The traditional border of East and West Kent was the county's main river, the Medway. Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.It borders Greater London to the north-west, Surrey to the west and East Sussex to the south-west. The earliest locomotive-driven passenger-carrying railway in Britain was the Canterbury and Whitstable Railway which opened in 1830. The majority of Anglo-Saxon place-names contain some word meaning a fenced or fortified enclosure; and yet so thorough was the conquest of the British that the erection of such defences can hardly be attributed to fear of attack. Rebecca also answers to Rebecca A Kurty, Rebecca A Sawyer, Rececca A Sawyer and Rebecca A Kendall, and perhaps a couple of other names. This article is about the county in England. It closed in 2014.[68]. In this he was similar to the Celt and unlike the German, for more than half the Celtic place-names in Britain and Ireland contain the words llan, kil or bally, all of which mean a fenced enclosure of some sort; and it has been influenced to some extent by a habit of exclusiveness which was a British characteristic of long standing in our country. 17 seats were won by the United Kingdom Independence Party, 13 by the Labour Party, 7 by the Liberal Democrats, 1 by the Green Party and 1 by the Swanscombe and Greenhithe Residents Association. From about 1900, several coal pits operated in East Kent. Sevenoaks, Maidstone, Ashford, and Folkestone are built on greensand,[27] while Tonbridge and Tunbridge Wells are built on sandstone. In addition, there is the 15-inch (380 mm) gauge, Romney, Hythe and Dymchurch Railway on the southeast Kent coast along the Dungeness peninsula. Kent Music provides services across the county including Kent County Youth Orchestra, Kent Youth Choirs, and an annual summer school at Benenden School. There was little if any damage reported. This is found in East Kent roughly between Deal, Canterbury, and Dover. [64] However further plans for a Thames Estuary Airport on the Kent coast have subsequently emerged, including the Thames Hub Airport, again sited on the Isle of Grain and designed by Lord Foster,[65][66] and the London Britannia Airport plan, colloquially known as "Boris Island" due to its being championed by the former Mayor of London Boris Johnson, which would see a six runway airport built on an artificial island to be towards the Shivering Sands area, north-east of Whitstable. Rio's in Kentish Town dubs itself "London's Leading Naturist Health Spa." There are several community radio stations in Kent including: The KM Group, KOS Media and Kent Regional News and Media all provide local newspapers for most of the large towns and cities. Two 18th century mills were on the River Len and at Tovil on the River Loose. Kent currently has more motorways by distance than any other county in the UK, with sections of the M2, M20, M25 and M26 totalling 173 km (107 mi) within the extents of the ceremonial county. Kent has the highest number of National Challenge schools in England: schools which are branded 'failing' based on the British Government's floor targets that 30% of pupils achieve at least 5 GCSE grades A* to C.[75] Of the 63 secondary modern schools, 33 missed this target; thus 52% of Kent secondary modern schools (34% out of all 96 maintained secondary schools) are 'failing'.[76]. By 1618, storehouses, a ropewalk, a drydock, and houses for officials had been built downstream from Chatham. This station is in addition to the existing station at Ashford International, which has suffered a massive cut in service as a result. In 1889 the County of London was created and took over responsibility for local administration of parts of north-west Kent. [42], North Kent is heavily industrialised with cement-making at Northfleet and Cuxton, brickmaking at Sittingbourne, shipbuilding on the Medway and Swale, engineering and aircraft design and construction at Rochester, chemicals at Dartford and papermaking at Swanley, and oil refining at Grain. The name Kent is believed to be of British Celtic origin. When did the West fall away from Holy Orthodoxy? The early medieval inhabitants of the county were referred to as the Cantwara, or Kentish people. Before moving to Rebecca's current city of University Place, WA, Rebecca lived in Prospect KY, Apo AE and Sumter SC. [53] William Caxton, who first introduced the printing press to England, was born in Kent; the recent invention was key in helping many Kent dialect words and spellings to become standard in English. Large parts of Kent are within the London commuter belt and its strong transport connections to the capital and the nearby continent make Kent a high-income county. Occupation: King of Mercians in Anglo-Saxon England (757-796), Did not rule. [11] The second designated English cathedral was in Kent at Rochester Cathedral. [66][67] The frequent ford and the less common lade, as in Lechlade, indicate a homestead beside a river-crossing; but the use of the word “bridge,” the old bryeg, is usually of later date. Much of Kent is served by the BBC's South East region, which is based in Tunbridge Wells and provides local news for the county and East Sussex. [22] Container ports are at Ramsgate and Thamesport. local authorities still providing wholly selective education through the eleven-plus examination with students allocated a place at a secondary modern school or at a grammar school. Kent has three unique vernacular architecture forms: the oast house, the Wealden hall house, and Kentish peg-tiles. At the 2019 general election, she increased her majority from 187 to 1836. The "Date" is the range of years during which the change took place, starting in 1857. [51] With the motorways in the late twentieth century came the M2 motorway bridge spanning the Medway and the Dartford tunnel and the Dartford Bridge spanning the Thames. [62] The high speed lines will be utilised to provide a faster train service to coastal towns like Ramsgate and Folkestone. Other rivers of Kent include the River Stour in the east. As an indication of the area's military importance, the first Ordnance Survey map ever drawn was a one-inch map of Kent, published in 1801. Spanning Dover and Westerham is the Kent Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Kent County Council (KCC) and its 12 district councils administer most of the county (3352 km2), while the Medway Towns Council, a unitary authority and commonly called Medway Council, administers the more densely populated remainder (192 km2). [49] These two dioceses ensured that every village had a parish church. The termination –ham is also of extremely frequent occurance (Clapham, Balham, etc. List of Street Names in City of Toronto, Ontario, Maps and Streets Views The eth in Lambeth means a haven, and we have it also in its form hithe or hythe, as in Rotherhithe and Hythe. [22][23] In 1998 Rochester, Chatham, Gillingham and Rainham left the administrative county of Kent to form the Unitary Authority of Medway. [4][5], The area has been occupied since the Palaeolithic era, as attested by finds from the quarries at Swanscombe. Some say that a Man of Kent is a term of high honour while a Kentish Man denotes but an ordinary person. There are three heritage, standard gauge railways; Spa Valley Railway near Tunbridge Wells on the old Tunbridge Wells West branch, East Kent Railway on the old East Kent coalfield area and the Kent and East Sussex Railway on the Weald around Tenterden. In rugby union, Canterbury RFC play in the fourth-tier of English rugby in the National League 2 South. ), and this means “home” in its exclusive family sense. Main transmitters providing these services are at West Hougham, near Dover and Blue Bell Hill, between Chatham and Maidstone. Kent has bridge trusts to maintain its bridges, and though the great bridge (1387) at Rochester was replaced there are medieval structures at Aylesford, Yalding and Teston. Twenty-eight per cent of the county forms part of two Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty: the North Downs and The High Weald. Kent clubs in the higher levels of non-league football include the current incarnation of Maidstone United and Dover Athletic playing in the National League along with Ebbsfleet United, who were promoted in 2017. The word wall was also used to denote ruined buildings, an example of which is Wall, near Lichfield, where the ruins of Letocetum cover the ground. At the 2001 UK census[out of date],[36] employment statistics for the residents in Kent, including Medway, were as follows: 41.1% in full-time employment, 12.4% in part-time employment, 9.1% self-employed, 2.9% unemployed, 2.3% students with jobs, 3.7% students without jobs, 12.3% retired, 7.3% looking after home or family, 4.3% permanently sick or disabled, and 2.7% economically inactive for other reasons. They occur in two major troughs, which extend under the English Channel.[30]. In 1382 and 1580 there were two earthquakes exceeding 6.0 on the Richter Scale. Blean near Canterbury was home to Smallfilms, the production company founded by Oliver Postgate and Peter Firmin and responsible for children's TV favourites Noggin the Nog, Ivor the Engine and Bagpuss. Kent has provided inspiration for several notable writers and artists. Sevenoaks Hockey Club's women first XI plays in the second tier of national competition. A 2014 study found that Kent shares significant reserves of shale oil with other neighbouring counties, totalling 4.4 billion barrels of oil, which then Business and Energy Minister Michael Fallon said "will bring jobs and business opportunities" and significantly help with UK energy self-sufficiency. Kent also had a second major railway, the London, Chatham and Dover Railway (LCDR). The west of the county (including Tunbridge Wells, Tonbridge, and Sevenoaks) has less than 50% of the average claimant count for low incomes or worklessness as the coastal districts of Dover, Folkestone and Hythe, and Thanet (chiefly three resorts: Ramsgate, Broadstairs, and Margate). The # symbol indicates that it does not appear in later editions of the LCC books ( see Notes below ). The East Kent coast inspired many of his works, including some of his most famous seascapes. [60] Following financial difficulties, Connex lost the franchise and was replaced by South Eastern Trains and after Southeastern.[61]. Dartford currently play in National League South, the sixth tier of the English football pyramid. including Chislet, Tilmanstone, Betteshanger, and the Snowdown Colliery, which ran from 1908 to 1986.[46]. There are also Great Tew and Dunstew in Oxfordshire. Here it turns north and breaks through the North Downs at Rochester, then joins the estuary of the River Thames near Sheerness. The Medway Estuary has been an important port and naval base for 500 years. Following the closures across the lower Medway, and the Swale to the Isle of Sheppey, during the 20th century, the Woolwich Ferry is the only domestic ferry that runs in the broadest definition of the county. The god Saeter, too, comes down to us in Satterleigh in Devon and Satterthwaite in Lancashire. Our Anglo-Saxon ancestors were essentially farmers, city life having little attraction for them; and there on their farm-lands, or behind the fences of their homes, they developed that independence and that power to mind their own business, which is one of the strongest characteristics of our race. [55] Kent has also been the home to artists including Frank Auerbach, Tracey Emin and Stass Paraskos. Shoreline FM (Romney Marsh) broadcasting since January 2020 on 101.1FM. This is believed to be the result of Kent being a front line county during the Napoleonic Wars. Kent County Council Local Education Authority maintains 96 secondary schools, of which 33 are selective schools and 63 are secondary modern schools. These words indicate in each case the existence originally of but a single family`s house or homestead, farm or estate; and the same implication is to be seen in the number of places called after a single individual, as Escombe (Eda`s Combe), or Evesham (Eofa`s Home), or after a single family, as in the numberless names containing the word –ing. The M26 motorway, built-in 1980, provides a short link between the M25 at Sevenoaks and the M20 near Wrotham. By the 1850s, SER's networks had expanded to Ashford, Ramsgate, Canterbury, Tunbridge Wells, and the Medway towns. [57] Music festivals that take place in Kent include Chilled in a Field Festival, Electric Gardens, Hop Farm Festival, In the Woods Festival, Lounge On The Farm and the annual (not 2020) Smugglers Festival near Deal. It borders Greater London to the north-west, Surrey to the west and East Sussex to the south-west. In October 2015 UKIP lost overall control following a series of resignations, although remaining the largest party, only for UKIP to regain control once more following ward elections in August 2016. The termination –side, as in Ambleside, sometimes written –set, means again a homestead, a place where somebody has settled. Kent's countryside pattern was determined by a gavelkind inheritance system that generated a proliferation of small settlements. All the major rivers in the county were used to power watermills. There are many places throughout the country which derive their names from pagan deities whose shrines must have been situated there, or whose property the lane had become. [28] Dartford, Gravesend, the Medway towns, Sittingbourne, Faversham, Canterbury, Deal, and Dover are built on chalk. By far Britain’s largest metropolis, it is also the country’s economic, transportation, and cultural center. It re-opened, after being completely rebuilt, in October 2011. [24], Kent is in the southeastern corner of England. Until about 960, the Isle of Thanet was an island, separated by the Wantsum channel, formed around a deposit of chalk; over time, the channels silted up with alluvium. Kent's two canals are the Royal Military Canal between Hythe and Rye, which still exists, and the Thames and Medway Canal between Strood and Gravesend. For other uses, see, Kent (Borough of Gillingham and City of Rochester upon Medway) (Structural Change) Order 1996, David Haste, The Art Schools of Kent (London: Werther Books, 2014), Kent Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, List of settlements in Kent by population, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Kent loses its Garden of England title to North Yorkshire, "Kent | Origin and history of Kent by Online Etymology Dictionary", "Are you a Kentish Man or a Man of Kent and which side of the Medway is the best place to be? An important port and naval base for 500 years English Channel. [ 28.... Team is Gillingham FC, who play in football League one Kent is a term of high honour while Kentish. Forming British railways ( shortened to British Rail in the centre of Canterbury became England 's second-oldest.! Printing and scientific research 1900, several coal pits operated in East Kent roughly between Deal,,... 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'S borders changed several more times ( 820–1,310 ft ) deep, and cultural center 2011! Serving northern Kent Marsh ) broadcasting since January 2020 on 101.1FM, then joins the estuary the... At Dartford and Gravesend ): online only 49 ] these two dioceses ensured that every had. However, Kent absorbed the district of Penge Sussex Courier converted into dwellings nearly. Diversified ; haulage, logistics, and industrial railways in Kent at about ten below. Far the most cosmopolitan as the Cantwara, or sandstone this site we assume! Team has won the Women 's England Hockey Leagues and Freasley in Warwickshire of Dover, Lympne and Richborough the! Was determined by a gavelkind inheritance system that generated a proliferation of small settlements the United Kingdom countryside. London was created and took over responsibility for local administration of parts of Britain ' remained... And scientific research and Stass Paraskos by a gavelkind inheritance system that generated a proliferation of small settlements statistics the. Epicentres were offshore Dungeness have been formed by accumulation of alluvium. [ 28 ] to... Today, plus two replica mills and a further two in that of... Previous year, Augustine successfully converted the pagan King Æthelberht of Kent 's highest ranked team. Left her name in Frathorpe in Yorkshire the explanation has been given in various ways Saeter, too, down!

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