Additionally, the tail is solid black in both the male and the female Golden Spangled variety. 29 and 30) are in the front ranks of egg producers and are in general appearance much like Leghorns. Early during the breed’s time in England, there was a popular belief that Hamburg chickens were a hybrid of a cross of common chickens and pheasants. However, there is some compelling evidence to suggest that the Silver Spangled, Golden Spangled, and Black varieties were developed, at least in part, in England. There is a moderate break at the junction of the tail and back with the well-spread, moderately long tail held at an angle of 35-40 degrees. Silver Penciled. The birds of this variety seen in this country are generally small and the color pattern needs a lot of improvement. Silver Spangled. Pullets begin to lay at about 4-5 months of age. Golden Penciled. Hamburg chicks vary in appearance depending on their variety—but all are adorable! The Silver Spangled Hamburg is a Dutch breed and not of German origin. The breed does not bear confinement too well. History: The British imported the Dutch Penciled strain in the 1700s under the name of Dutch Everyday Layers. Hamburg hens were known to prefer nesting in hedgerows and had the habit of roosting very high in trees. Liss: Nimrod Book Services, 1985. With the name Hamburg often given to the Polish breeds, birds that did not have a crest were often called Pheasant Fowls, Pheasants, and Golden and Silver Pheasants. This was conducted in a pub in England, about 1800, the bartender acting as judge, a copper pot as prize, and the roosters competing are said to have been Hamburgs. Still, other names were Moonies, Chittiprats, Creoles (or Creels), and 'Dutch Everyday Layers'. The breed was first called the Hamburg chicken in the early 1840s, and some writers document the fact that the best birds came from Holland and from Hamburg. The Hamburg (continental class) is generally a non-sitting chicken that was originally bred for enhanced egg production. The bird comes in more than ten different varieties, including: Silver Spangled, Golden Spangled, Golden Penciled, Citrone Penciled, Silver Penciled, White, Black, and more recently-Citron Spangled in bantam form. Well, we do know that centuries prior to that “show and crow” dazzling Hamburg chickens were found in Holland where the Dutch people are credited with breeding the finely marked Penciled variety of the breed. The Dutch developed what is now known as the Silver Penciled and the Golden Penciled Hamburgs. Standard Varieties of Chickens: Hamburgs. The breed’s true gift is not in number of eggs per year, but in continued laying of a large number of eggs over several years. As a rule, early Hamburgs were small, rather delicate, and laid small eggs, but they were so generally remarkable for persistent laying and efficiency that their faults were excused. Roo… In a sense that is correct but, the English breeders can only be credited, with total certainty, with improving and refining the stock that was imported from Continental Europe. All the varieties of Hamburg chicken breed have red colored rose combs and standard plumage. Golden Penciled Hamburg Chicken Breed breeding flock belonging to Cackle Hatchery. Yellow = Golden Penciled Hamburgs and Silver Penciled Hamburgs for sale *Some hatcheries and breeders selling “Blue” chickens will actually give you a mix of Blue, Black and Splash chicks. This teeny breed comes as a fun-size Bantamas well, even though the Hamburg is already a very small breed. Golden Penciled: Standard golden penciled plumage. But all the varieties are not recognized by the American Poultry Association. It was named for the Wyandotte Indian Nation to honor the help and aid they had given to the first white settler… Recognized Color Varieties. Hamburgs are active, graceful and flighty semi-wild birds. It is a finely built, small, active bird, lays a white egg, and is a non-setter. In fact, some believe that the best of the best Hamburg chickens originate from Holland and the Hamburg region of Germany. The first birds of this type known in England carried this name and therefore we should assume that the breed originated in Continental Europe and is therefore placed in the Continental class of the APA. All six Standard varieties of Hamburg chickens were recognized by the American Poultry Association in 1874: Silver Penciled, Golden Penciled, Silver Spangled, Golden Spangled, Black, and White. We offer the Silver Pencil Cochin Bantam, one of several different varieties of Cochin Bantams. In the video slideshow, you can see Silver-Spangled, Golden-Penciled, and Black Hamburg chicks, respectively. Orange = Golden Penciled Hamburgs for sale. Which are Black, Golden Penciled, Golden Spangled, Silver Penciled, Silver Spangled and White. In England, they were called Creels, Chittiprats, and Chitterpats (meaning diminutive hen) and Bolton Grays (for the silver variety) and Bolton Bays (for the golden variety). they cannot advance to compete for higher Breed or Class honors. American Poultry Association recognizes only six Hamburg chicken breed varieties. At that period and occasionally much later, the Laced and Spangled Polish were called Hamburgs, and Crested Hamburgs; so we cannot always determine whether the reference to Hamburg chickens is a reference to the modern Hamburg or modern Polish. What is known is that the breed takes its name from the German city and port of Hamburg. - Carol Ekarius Hamburgs with the Silver Spangled pattern have also been called "Moonies" and "Crescents" due to their unique plumage! The Hamburg goes by many other names such as the Yorkshire Pheasant. Bantam Hamburgs are a relatively small bird, with cocks weighing 26 ounces and hens a mere 22 ounces. Black beak and black shanks. Varieties: Silver Spangled, Golden Spangled, Golden Penciled, Silver Penciled, Black, & White Silver Penciled Hamburg hen and rooster. Either way, if the Spangled and Black varieties were developed in England it is likely they derived, in part from imported Penciled Hamburgs which were subsequently crossed on local English breeds. Yet, there is another older theory that the Silver Spangled Hamburg came from Italy as evidenced in Aldrovandi's work of poultry published in 1599. There is, however, no reason to doubt that both were in America by 1825, or soon thereafter. This variety is rarely seen and when they are seen the quality is generally lacking. The Silver Penciled Wyandotte also originated in the east and west parts of the U.S. and are a result of crossing a Partridge Wyandotte with the Dark Brahma. Golden Penciled. However, in later years at least a part of the greater popularity of this variety was due to the fact that it was bred to a higher level of perfection in terms of size, body shape, and color when compared to the other Hamburg varieties. He also wrote that then, and from ancient times, birds of Hamburg and Polish types were collected in Holland, Belgium, Germany, and Russia for shipment to England; and that frequently four or five coops containing 25 birds each arrived together and were all sold in a single morning. The original name of the breed was American Sebright but when the bird was accepted by the American Poultry Association, the name was changed to Wyandotte. Characteristics: Black. Technically, these Hamburg varieties are not penciled, but "barred." This color pattern is one of the most striking and attractive of all colors and patterns of chickens. Golden Spangled: Standard golden spangled plumage. Dayton: Reliable Poultry Journal, 1924. When given free range, Hamburg chickens are active, small consumers of grain, great foragers, and even a bit noisy. But the Hamburg was not without its faults. The eggshells are white and the skin is also white with white ear lobes and a somewhat large and pronounced rose comb. They are characterized by fairly long bodies with moderate width and depth. The Black Hamburg was most likely developed and perfected in England. There is one account from a writer from Lancaster county England who described a bird similar to the modern Black Hamburg which he called a "Black Pheasant". Silver Penciled. Males weigh 5 lbs and females weigh 4 lbs. We are currently looking for high resolution pictures of any of the breeds. In this variety, the ground color is white and each feather ends with a teardrop-shaped black spangle. It is essentially the golden counterpart of Silver Spangled variety, although there are significant differences between the Silver Spangled and Golden Spangled Hamburgs. All varieties have slate or black shanks, feet, and toes, with the bottoms of the feet being white. On the authority of "John Oldbird", the arrival of Hamburgs in America was nearly contemporary with that of the Polish and Black Spanish (about 1825), possibly a little earlier. In the Golden Spangled male, the hackle and saddle feathers have a black stripe rather than a spangle. Both the APA and American Bantam Association (ABA) recognize bantam Hamburgs (rose comb clean legged class). Black. The Hamburg is a … Today they are found in at least ten colours, six of which are recognised by the APA: Silver Penciled, Golden Penciled, Silver Spangled, Golden Spangled, Black, and White. Box 164870 • Little Rock, Arkansas 72216501(C)(3) NONPROFIT. The spangle should be proportionate to the size of the feather, in other words, a larger feather, i.e. The Silver Spangled is probably the most popular colour. Interestingly, Aldrovandi then places the breed as having a Turkish origin. Storey's Illustrated Shape and color requirements are the same as for large fowl. Hamburg chickens were to be found in Holland by the fourteenth century, but it is unclear when they first arrived. Silver Spangled Hamburgs are small, active, and beautiful. As they are fairly small birds they are not generally used for meat. From an early period after their arrival in America until about 1880, Hamburgs were decidedly popular with all classes of poultry keepers. Brown, Edward. Characteristics. Ultimately, the only clear evidence of its origin lies in the fact that we call it Hamburg. Blue Hamburgs are not recognized by the APA, though they are sold by several hatcheries in North America. The nature of the breed is one of great activity and alertness. It is no surprise that the Hamburg is credited as being the grandfather of the poultry show. Over the course of poultry history, there have been claims that the Hamburg is an English creation. If you like a fancy-looking flock, you will love having any variety of Hamburg. Breed Traits. As a result of this, more attention has been given to the breeding and showing of Golden Penciled Hamburg and not the Silver Penciled variety. This pattern is exactly the same as the Silver Penciled, only the ground color is bay rather than white. Standard Weights: Cock; 5 lbs; Hen: 4 lbs; Cockerel: 4 lbs; Pullet: 3 ½ lbs. But as the Leghorn eventually grew in favor, the Hamburg rapidly declined. Like most foragers that survive, Hamburgs develop a keen awareness of their environment. The chicks feather up fast and mature quickly. These names were sometimes limited to the penciled varieties, but again we find them applying to both penciled and spangled birds. Many people thought that the yellow beak and legs of the White Leghorn made for a more striking bird while the white beak and slate legs of the White Hamburg were not as attractive. Our Silver Spangled Hamburgs are a combination of beauty and utility. Non-Standard Bantams. ... Hamburg: Silver Penciled: RCCL: Bantam: Hamburg: Silver Spangled: RCCL: Bantam: Hamburg: White: RCCL: Large Fowl: Hamburg: Black: Continental: Shape and color requirements are the same as for large fowl. The Hamburg is a small, elegant breed, very … The preference for it may have been at first because of its color, which after spangling was eliminated from the Polish was not found in any other breed. Silver Spangled Hamburg Murray McMurray Hatchery #2: Hamburg chicks can be fragile. History has it that the first chicken show was a contest to settle the dispute of whose rooster was most magnificent. In general, the Hamburg is a small, fine-boned egg-type breed. 2011 ed. This variety doesn't quite have the striking color contrast of the Silver Spangled, which has been a limiting factor of the popularity of the Golden Spangled variety. Bantam Standard for the Breeder, Exhibitor, and Judge. It is known that in the U.S. that the Black Hamburg was crossed with Black Minorcas in order to improve body shape, increase size, and add new blood to the gene pool. Non-Standard Large Fowl. Burgettstown, PA: American Poultry Association, 2010. Chicken Breed Information - Hamburg - Hamburgs are a delightful breed known in England as the "Dutch Everyday Layers" or sometimes simply "Everlayers." Copyright 2019 The Heritage Poultry ConservancyP.O. The use of the term "penciled" to describe the markings in these two varieties of Hamburg is a misleading relic from the days before the technical use of such terms was fixed. Chickens Waterfowl Turkeys Supplies WE ARE AMERICA’S INDUSTRY-LEADING HATCHERY, OFFERING MORE THAN 160 BREEDS OF POULTRY INCLUDING: CHICKENS, DUCKS, GEESE, TURKEYS, GUINEAS, AND GAME BIRDS. The back is flat and slightly slopes from front to back. Hamburgs arrived in America prior to 1856 and were much desired for egg production. Sometime prior to 1785 Penciled Hamburgs made their way to England. All have reddish bay eyes. These fellows set out to create an American dual purpose hen, something that was lacking in the late 1800s. Though the young can be a bit delicate until this age, once mature, Hamburg chickens are quite robust. Other names given to the particolored Hamburgs were Bolton Gray and Bolton Bay. They behave well with other chickens and people, and this specific variety has striking black and silver feathers. Cocks weigh 2–2.5 kg and hens about 1.6–1.8 kg, with slender legs and a neat rose comb. Not only are they a beautiful breed to show, they're prolific layers of smallish white eggs, and they fare very well in cold weather. The bantam version was most likely first developed in England and they are recognized in the same varieties as the Large Fowl being Silver Spangled, Golden Spangled, Silver Penciled, Golden Penciled, Black, and White. Hamburg Chicken Colors Photo: Paphos Chicken Farm Hamburgs come in a ton of very cool color varieties including Black, White, Silver Spangled, Gold Spangled, Citron Spangled, Blue, Blue Spangled, Gold Penciled, Citron Penciled and Silver Penciled. No doubt the English greatly improved and perfected the breed and though there are several theories of an English origin none of them have sufficient evidence to support such a theory, at least with the Golden and Silver Penciled varieties. Frizzle – Frizzle is recognized as a trait in any recognized breed/variety and is not listed separate. Guide to Poultry Breeds Silver Spangled Hamburgs are quite small, nearly bantam in size. To download this complete list, click on the button for the type of download you would like. White. Usually, they are about the size and quality of the average Silver Spangled Hamburg. They are not eligible to win outside of their Variety, i.e. While all the varieties of Hamburg chickens were embraced in America, the White Hamburg, created but shunned in England, owes much to the attention of American breeders. Bantam Hamburgs not only come in this beautiful Silver Spangled variety that I raise; but are also recognized in Golden Spangled, Gold Penciled, Silver Penciled, Black, and White. This variety is rarely seen and is in serious need of more breeders. Day Old Silver Spangled Hamburg Baby Chicks Hatching February to August. Unfortunately, there is no definitive evidence in any case to 100% support exactly where the Hamburg breed originated. It was not until after 1850 that the varieties were well established and the modern nomenclature came into general use. Historical lack of interest in it can be explained by its lack of quality as a show bird when compared with White Leghorns. The Golden Penciled and Silver Penciled varieties of the breed were developed by the Dutch. This is a docile breed of chicken that is ideal for anyone looking for a pet, brooder, or show chicken. White. Through this port, both Hamburgs and Polish were shipped to London for a century or two before 1850. The bartender acted as the judge, and the price is a pot of copper. The relative attractiveness of silver and golden is revered, as compared with the spangled varieties, primarily because the contrast in bay and black shows much better in barring than in spangling, but also because the Golden Penciled male was thought of as a much more showy bird than the Silver Penciled male. The female of this variety is barred all over, except in the hackle, which is pure white; the male is mostly white with very little barring visible, except on the flank area. Due to Covid-19 restrictions, please confirm events are happening with organizers before attending. Prior to this time it was known by many different names, including: Pheasant fowl, Pheasants, Yorkshire Pheasant, Silver Pheasant-fowl of Yorkshire. This variety is so rare in this country that it is all but impossible to find good individuals. The Hamburg parades for the world ten different plumages: Silver-Spangled, Golden-Spangled, Golden-Penciled, Silver-Penciled, White, Black and Citron Spangled. Click on your hatchery or breeder of interest to learn more about the color varieties they offer. Production: You can expect between 200-255 medium, white eggs per year from one Silver Spangled Hamburg hen. Varieties: Golden Spangled, Silver Spangled, Golden Penciled, Silver Penciled, Black, & White There are six varieties of this breed that are all recognized by the American Poultry Association in 1874 – the Silver Penciled, Golden Penciled, Black, White, Silver Spangled, and the Golden Spangled. The breed has a bright red rose comb and large white earlobes. Pullet: 20 oz.Prepared by Michael Schlumbohm and Keith Bramwell, Department of Poultry Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas. The bantam version was most likely first developed in England and they are recognized in the same varieties as the Large Fowl being Silver Spangled, Golden Spangled, Silver Penciled, Golden Penciled, Black, and White. They are consistent layers, have a bright cheerfulness when foraging, and love a free range setting. The American Standard of Perfection Illustrated: A Complete Description of All Recognized Breeds and Varieties of Domestic Poultry. To this day there are not a huge number of Hamburgs, especially of good quality, and they are typically only seen at the larger exhibitions. The tail of the male is solid black with the sickles being laced with silver. But there is very little evidence to otherwise support this theory. This variety as well as the Golden Penciled is in need of more supporters to both increase numbers and improve quality. Sometime prior to 1785 Penciled Hamburgs made their way to England. Egg Shell Color: White. The beauty of the pattern is not as greatly appreciated except on close inspection. By 1890 it had practically ceased to be used by utility poultry keepers and had lost a lot of it's following among fanciers. Golden Spangled. There are several accounts of English breeders purchasing and breeding birds called Hamburgs that came directly from the Netherlands. Another theory is that both of the spangled varieties of Hamburg were developed from the old Yorkshire Pheasant and Lancashire Mooney. This is another variety that was most likely developed and perfected in England. Hamburg chickens were to be found in Holland by the fourteenth century, but it is unclear when they first arrived. The Rhode Island Red chicken is the official State Bird of Rhode Island – a well-deserved honor that no other chicken breed can claim. Silver Spangled. It is also thought that perhaps the Black Hamburg was created by crossing with the Spanish. The American Poultry Association (APA) recognizes six varieties of Hamburgs, they include the Black, Golden Penciled, Golden Spangled, Silver Penciled, Silver Spangled, and White. Please mail your original copies with our email form The application of the name Pheasant came about because of the absurd belief that the breed was produced as a hybrid between a chicken and a pheasant. Kansas City: Covington Group, 2011. Oh yes, they come in a plethora of colors to choose from: silver-spangled, golden penciled, silver penciled, golden spangled, and occasionally black and white. Races of Domestic Poultry. Hamburg Bantams For Sale. The emergence of the Wyandotte breed can be credited to four people: Fred Houdlette, John Ray, L. Whittaker and H.M. Doubleday. There are six varieties of Hamburgs: The Golden-spangled, Silver-spangled, Golden-penciled, Silver-penciled, Black, and White. Hamburg chickens are quite prolific egg layers. Another strain of the Silver Penciled Wyandotte was made by crossing the Silver Laced Wyandotte with a Silver Penciled Hamburg. Silver Spangled Hamburg Chicken The main reason people love this bird, however, is the fact that it looks graceful, stylish and stunning when it walks about. It is generally believed that this variety was evolved and perfected in England. It is fairly certain that both the Golden and Silver Penciled varieties came from Holland and were exported to England via Hamburg, Germany. The English enjoyed the breed and created the Black, the Silver Spangled, the Golden Spangled, and the White varieties. The Hamburg has also good foraging abilities and comes in multiple color-varieties that include; black, blue, silver-penciled, golden-penciled, with silver-spangled and gold-spangled as the most common two color-varieties. They were also so much more attractive in body shape and color than the early Leghorns that people who valued them for their beauty were willing to overlook their faults. Recognized Color Varieties: Barred, White, Buff, Silver Penciled, Partridge, Columbian, Blue; Bantam Varieties: Barred, Black, Blue, Buff, Columbian, Partridge, White, Silver Penciled, Black; Rhode Island Red. Hamburgs are flyers and can be difficult to keep confined. Hamburgs (figs. This variety is another rarity and is in need of more breeders. The Silver Spangled Hamburg is one of the most alert breeds on the poultry list. Due to Covid-19 restrictions, please confirm events are happening with organizers before attending. It is not very clear when Hamburg chickens first arrived in Holland. The Hamburg is a small or medium-sized breed. One theory of its creation was that it was a cross between a Spotted-Breasted Game and the 'Dutch Everyday Layer'. This obscure history is complicated further because there are theories that the different varieties originated in different countries as well. The spangled variety was evolved in England and admitted into the American Standard of Perfection in 1874. After the Silver Spangled, this has been the most popular variety of the breed. Silver Penciled: Standard silver penciled plumage. The Hamburg breed has an obscure past with several theories as to where it originated. The Hamburg chicken is a small breed—cocks tend to weigh only 5 lbs and hens about 4 lbs with slender legs and a neat rose comb. One can well imagine the pride of each exhibitor, their Hamburg roosters stately in bearing, with beautifully arched sickle feathers, leaden blue legs, large white earlobes, and bright red rose shaped combs. a tail feather, will have a larger spangle than a smaller feather such as a hackle feather. Flighty, roosts in trees, winter hardy, good at avoiding predators. These small-size chickens, with light, sweeping, graceful outlines are elegant and beautiful. Harrison Weir stated that in the 1850's he had bought Hamburgs and Polish in the London markets, which had just arrived in the country. Black: Standard black plumage. They were documented to have been there by the fourteenth century where the Dutch then developed them into the breed known as the Hamburg. $24.95. Skin Color: White. Ring size is 16 mm for cocks and 15 mm for hens. Weighing 26 ounces and hens a mere 22 ounces Carol Ekarius $ 24.95 Golden... 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